Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose का जीवन परिचय: Birth, Death Anniversary, Successes, Contributions, etc

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose का जीवन परिचय: He is an Indian Nationalist whose love for India has touched many Indians। Let us read more about Netaji on his birth anniversary।

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose का जीवन परिचय: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian Nationalist whose devotion to India has left a lasting impression on a lot of Indians। His famous slogan, “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga,” is that he founded “Azad Hind Fauj।” He is celebrating his 126th birth anniversary today as Parakram Diwas।

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Orissa, on January 23, 1897. He died in a hospital in Taiwan on August 18, 1945, after suffering from burn injuries from a plane crash।

Subhas Chandra Bose is considered the most powerful freedom fighter because he has remarkable leadership skills and is a charismatic speaker। ‘Jai Hind’, ‘Delhi Chalo’, and ‘Tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe aazadi dunga’ are some of his most famous slogans। He founded Azad Hind Fauj and played a number of roles in India’s freedom struggle। He is famous for his socialist policies and his militant approach to gaining independence।

Subhas Chandra Bose: महान विचारक वंशावली और बचपन

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Orissa, on January 23, 1897, to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose। His father was a successful Cuttack lawyer and was called “Rai Bahadur।” Together with his siblings, he attended Protestant European School (now Stewart High School) in Cuttack। Presidency College gave him a bachelor’s degree। At 16 years of age, he read Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna’s writings and was influenced by their teachings। His parents sent him to Cambridge University in England to prepare him for the Indian Civil Service।He passed the civil service exam in 1920. But after hearing about the nationalist turmoil in India, he resigned his candidacy and returned to India in April 1921।

Indian National Congress and Subhas Chandra Bose

He joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement, which made INC a powerful, non-violent organization। Gandhi advised him to work with Chittaranjan Das, who became his political mentor during the movement। He then worked as a youth educator and led the Bengal Congress volunteers। He founded the newspaper called Swaraj। मुक्त होकर, Bose in 1927 became general secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence।

He was elected president of the Indian National Congress in 1938 and established a national planning committee that developed a broad industrialization policy। But Gandhian economic theory, which believed in cottage industries and benefiting from the country’s own resources, did not agree with this। Bose was vindicated in 1939 when he beat a Gandhian opponent for reelection। However, due to the lack of Gandhi’s support, the “rebel president” felt obligated to resign।

In 1939, Subhas Chandra Bose led the All India Forward Bloc, a left-wing nationalist political party in India। He was famous for his leftist opinions in Congress। The Froward Bloc’s main goal was to unite all radical elements of the Congress party। that he could spread the idea of India’s full independence by applying equality and social justice।

Azad Hind Fauz and Indian National Army (INA) or Subhas Chandra Bose

The establishment and operations of the Azad Hind Fauj, also known as the Indian National Army, or INA, were a significant development in the struggle for freedom during the Second World War। Indian revolutionary Rash Behari Bose, who had fled from India and lived in Japan for a long time, formed the Indian Independence League with the support of Indians living in South East Asia।When Japan defeated the British armies and occupied almost all of Southeast Asia, the league created the Indian National Army from Indian prisoners of war in order to liberate India from British rule। British Indian army में एक officer रहा गया general Mohan Singh ने इस सेना को बनाया।

In the meantime, Subhas Chandra Bose left India in 1941 to work for India’s independence in Germany। He came to Singapore in 1943 to lead the Indian Independence League and rebuild the Indian National Army, also known as Azad Hind Fauj, so that it could be a useful tool for fighting for India’s independence। About 45,000 soldiers were part of the Azad Hind Fauj, which included Indian prisoners of war as well as Indians who had settled in several countries in southeast Asia।

On October 21, 1943, Netaji, Subhas Bose, declared the establishment of Azad Hind, the provisional government of independent India, in Singapore। Netaji went to Andaman, which was occupied by the Japanese, and hoisted the Indian flag there। At the beginning of 1944, three units of the Azad Hind Fauj (INA) attacked the north-eastern parts of India in an effort to expel the British from India। जब soldiers arrived in India, they passionately kissed the sacred soil of their motherland, according to Shah Nawaz Khan, one of the most famous officers of the Azad Hind Fauj। Azad Hind Fauj’s effort to liberate India, however, failed।

The Japanese government was not viewed by the Indian nationalist movement as a friend of India। It felt sympathy for the people of the nations that had been the victims of Japan’s aggression। Netaji, on the other hand, thought that British rule over India could be broken with the help of the Azad Hind Fauj, which was supported by Japan, and a revolt inside India। The Azad Hind Fauj, with the salutation Jai Hind and the slogan “Delhi Chalo”, was a source of inspiration for Indians, whether they were in India or abroad। Netaji rallied with Indians of all religions and ethnicities in southeast Asia for the cause of India’s freedom।

Indian women also played a big part in the fight for India’s freedom। Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan led a women’s regiment of Azad Hind Fauj। Rani Jhansi regiment was its name। In India, Azad Hind Fauj became a symbol of unity and heroism। A few days after Japan gave up, Netaji, one of India’s most prominent freedom fighters, was killed in an air crash।

The defeat of fascist Germany and Italy in 1945 marked the end of the Second World War। War killed millions। The United States of America dropped atom bombs on Japan’s two cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, when the war was nearing its end। These cities were destroyed in a matter of minutes, and more than 200,000 people were killed। Japan immediately gave up। Although the use of atom bombs ended the war, it also caused new tensions and a new competition for making more and more deadly weapons that could wipe out the whole human race।

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